Basic hindi phrases for foreign tourists in India

Basic hindi phrases for foreign tourists in India

Hindi is spoken in most parts of India, particularly the urban areas. It’s the primary language of the states of Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan. Hindi is the national language of India and it’s thought that 60% of India’s population speak Hindi. The other 40% can understand Hindi to some extent. Knowing basic Hindi phrases  can be useful to tourists visiting India everyday.

There are no time elemental greetings in Hindi such as good morning, good afternoon, etc. And each religion has its own greetings. It is considered very gracious to address a person by their respective greetings, but not necessary. Namastē is the most ubiquitous greeting, and though of Hindu origin is now mostly secular. It is said with hands folded and a small gesture of bowing – but don’t go overboard Japanese style! Namastē literally means “I bow to you.” The original religious significance was of bowing to the soul (ātmā) within another.

 Here are some of the most common words/phrases in Hindi translated to Hinglish (Hindi written in English) which will be useful to you if you are planning to visit India

Basic Words/Phrases

Hello : Namastē ,Pranaam
Yes, Yeah: Haan
No :Nahin, Na
You (for elders): Aap
You (for youngsters): Tum
Us :Hum
All of Us: Hum Sab
People :Log
Father :Pita
Mother :Maa
Brother :Bhai, Bhaiya
Sister :Behen
Today :Aaj
Tomorrow, Yesterday : Kal
Day after tomorrow :Parson
Left :Bayen
Right :Dayen
Thanks, Thank You: Shukriya, Dhanyawaad
Good : Accha
Very Good : Bahut Accha
OK :Theek Hai
Please :Kripiya
Please Stop: Kripiya Rukiye
Time :Samay
Sorry :Maaf Kijiyega
Please excuse me: Kripiya suniye
Morning :Subah
Afternoon: Dopahar
Evening :Shaam
Night : Raat
Money :Paisa
Temple :Mandir
Mosque :Masjid
Thing/Object: Cheez, Vastu
Clock/Watch :Ghadi
Crowd :Bheed

BASIC GREETING PHRASES
How are you? :Aap Kaise Hain
I am Fine : Main theek Hoon
We’ll meet again/ See you later: Phir Milenge
What’s your name? : Aap ka naam kya hai?
My Name is Rahul: Mera Naam Rahul Hai
I am Going : Main Ja Raha Hoon (male), Main Ja Rahi Hoon (female)
Where are you going? : Aap kahan ja rahe ho?
Where are we going? :Hum kahan ja rahe hain?
How is your family? : Aapka parivaar kaisa hai?
Nice to meet you :Aapse mil kar khushi hui

OUT AND ABOUT PHRASES
I am coming : Main aa raha hoon (male), Main aa rahi hoon (female)
I need a taxi/ auto : Mujhe taxi/auto cahiye
Let’s go : Chalo Chalein
Leave me alone: Mujhe akela chor do
Get lost (in case you need it): Jaao yahan se
I have to go to my hotel: Mujhe aapne hotel jana hai
I want to go to the airport/railway station: Mujhe airport/railway station jana hai
Where is the toilet? :Toilet kidhar hai?
I don’t know :Mujhe nahin pata/ malum
Who are you :Aap kaun hain?
I understood : Main Samajh Gaya(male),Main Samajh Gai(Female)
Go away :Jao yahan se
It’s very noisy here :Yahan bahut shor hai
What are you thinking?: Aap kya sooch rahe hain?
Are you free right now?: Kya aap abhi khali hain?
Are you busy? :Kya aap abhi busy/vyast hain?
How far? :Kitna door?
How much? :Kitna hua?

FOOD RELATED WORDS & PHRASES
Food :Khana
Water :Pani
Vegetables : Sabzi
Tomato :Tamatar
Potato :Aloo
Onion :Pyaaz
Spices :Masala
Fruits :Phal
Sugar :Cheeni
Tea :Chai
Indian Bread :Roti
Rice :Chaawal
Breakfast :Nashta
Banana :Kela
Apple :Seb
Grapes :Angoor
Orange :Santara
Spoon :Chammach
We are hungry :Humein Bhookh lag rahi hai
Can I have the menu :please Kripya menu dedijiye
Don’t make it too spicy : Zada mirchi mat daliye ga

SHOPPING RELATED WORDS & PHRASES
How much does this cost? :Yeh Kitne ka hai?
This is expensive? :Yeh bahut mehnga hai
Any discount? :Koi Discount hai?
Give a better price : Kuch daam kam kar dijiye
Ok.I’ll take this :Theek hai yeh de do
I don’t want this :Mujhe ye nahin cahiye
Bill Please :Kripya isska bill de dijiye
I want to buy a ticket: Mujhe ek ticket kharidna hai

Hindi Numericals:
0 :Shunya
1 :Ek
2 :Do
3 :Teen
4 :Chaar
5 :Paanch
6 :Chhai
7 :Saat
8 :Aath
9 :Nau
10 :Dus
20 :Bees
30 :Tees
40 :Chaalis
50 :Pachaas
60 :Saath
70 :Sattar
80 :Assi
90 :Nabhe
100 :Sau
1000 :Ek hazaar
10,000 :Dus hazaar
1 million :Dus lakh

COMMON ANIMALS
Cow :Gaye
Horse: Ghoda
Donkey: Gadha
Dog :Kutta
Cat :Billi
Buffalo: Bhains
Squirrel: Gilheri
Elephant :Hathi
Camel : Oont
Goat :Bakari
Chicken/Cock: Murga

Hindi may be quite difficult for the common English speaker. It’s a phonetic language, so it’s spoken as it’s written. Hindi makes use of lots of English phrases so you possibly can often substitute Hindi words with English.  Some commonly used English words include railway, hospital, train, cycle, motor, bus, cricket, karma, thug, guru, jungle, bungalow and so forth.  In case you are stuck on a Hindi word, then replace it with its English equivalent.


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